November 24th is the 300th anniversary of the birth of Junipero Serra, a missionary who enslaved the native peoples of California in labor camps and treated them with sadistic brutality to force them to accept his brand of Christianity. Serra’s methods are directly responsible for the death of tens of thousands and native Americans. Writing in The Guardian, George Monbiot says of Serra:
“Working first in Mexico, then in Baja California (which is now part of Mexico), and then Alta California (now the US state of California), he presided over a system of astonishing brutality. Through various bribes and ruses Native Americans were enticed to join the missions he founded. Once they had joined, they were forbidden to leave. If they tried to escape, they were rounded up by soldiers then whipped by the missionaries. Any disobedience was punished by the stocks or the lash. They were, according to a written complaint, forced to work in the fields from sunrise until after dark, and fed just a fraction of what was required to sustain them. Weakened by overwork and hunger, packed together with little more space than slave ships provided, they died, mostly of European diseases, in their tens of thousands. … Felipe de Neve, a governor of the Californias, expressed his horror at Serra’s methods, complaining that the fate of the missionised people was ‘worse than that of slaves’.”
Despite the historical evidence that Junipero Serra was one of the most evil Europeans to inflict his warped methods and beliefs on American soil, there is a movement among some Catholics to canonize him as a saint. Go figure! Serra’s time of birth is unknown. He was born on November 24, 1713, in Petra, Majorca, Spain. Various sites suggest a birth time of 1 AM, but I have been unable to find a verifiable source for that time. Here is his generic Noon chart with Sun Sign Houses:
Is there evidence in this chart of Serra’s egotism, sadism and brutality?
The Sun in Sagittarius closely squares Jupiter in Pisces. Jupiter squaring the Sun could certainly indicate a large ego, especially because Jupiter rules Pisces and receives the Sagittarius Sun. This square is closely tied to Pluto in Virgo, so that Jupiter opposes Pluto and squares the Sun, forming a highly stressful T-square pattern. Pluto, of course, is a planet closely linked with sadism and brutality. Hades (Pluto) abducted Persephone and enslaved her in the underworld, much as Serra enslaved the native Americans of California in his labor camps where they were totally under his sadistic control.
Pluto conjoins Saturn and Uranus in Virgo, and this triple-conjunction squares Serra’s Sun and Mercury in Sagittarius, so that his manner of thinking is highly influenced by the self-willed brutality and conservatism of the Pluto/Saturn/Uranus conjunction.
Jupiter makes a partile sextile with Neptune, suggesting a strong interest in religion and the potential for a vocation in the priesthood. Mars is exalted in Capricorn and forms a trine with the planets in Virgo and a sextile with Jupiter in Pisces. Thus, the tension of this brutal T-square finds an outlet in his missionary work at which is is able to be very successful.
It is ironic that Junipero Serra was a Franciscan friar who theoretically modeled himself after Saint Francis, whose name the new Pope adopted for his papacy.
Serra’s student and accomplice in setting up the labor camps for American indigenous peoples was Francisco Palou, born January 22, 1723, in Palma de Majorca, Spain, possibly around 6 AM. Palou’s chart nicely complements that of his mentor, Junipero Serra, and contains an even more brutal Mars/Jupiter/Saturn conjunction square Pluto, with Uranus square the conjunction of Mercury/Sun/Venus.